How to Get Rid of Armadillos: A Comprehensive Guide

Armadillos are fascinating creatures, known for their armored shell and burrowing behavior. While they can be a delight to observe in their natural habitats, armadillos can also cause significant damage to your lawn and garden. Armadillos have a voracious appetite for insects and grubs, which often leads them to dig up yards in search of food. They can also damage property by burrowing under foundations, sidewalks, and driveways. In addition to the physical damage they cause, armadillos can also pose health risks to humans and pets. Therefore, it’s important to know how to get rid of armadillos when they become a nuisance. In this blog post, we’ll provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to eliminate armadillo problems from your property.

Understanding Armadillos

Armadillo Behavior

Armadillo Behavior

Armadillos are fascinating creatures that have unique behaviors that make them stand out in the animal kingdom. They are known for their burrowing habits, which are essential for their survival. These animals create elaborate underground homes to protect themselves from predators and harsh weather conditions.

Armadillos are also nocturnal creatures, which means they are most active during the night. This habit allows them to avoid extreme temperatures and stay cool during the hot summer months. Additionally, they are solitary animals that prefer to live alone rather than in groups or packs.

Their burrowing behavior is a key aspect of their lifestyle as it provides them with shelter from predators and extreme weather conditions. They use their sharp claws to dig into the ground and create small tunnels and dens. These burrows can range from simple holes to complex networks of tunnels and rooms.

Due to their nocturnal nature, armadillos often sleep during the day and become active at night. This allows them to conserve energy during the hottest parts of the day and search for food under the cover of darkness. However, it also makes them difficult to spot in the wild since they are rarely seen during daylight hours.

Lastly, armadillos are solitary animals that prefer to live alone. They do not form social bonds with other animals and tend to avoid contact with other armadillos. This behavior helps to reduce competition for resources and minimize the risk of predation.

In conclusion, understanding armadillo behavior is essential when it comes to effectively managing and controlling these animals. Their burrowing habits, nocturnal nature, and solitary behavior all play a significant role in their survival and must be taken into consideration when implementing control measures.

Armadillo Habitat

Armadillo Habitat

Armadillos are found throughout the southern half of the United States and are particularly common in Texas, Florida, and Louisiana. These fascinating creatures can adapt to a variety of habitats, but they prefer areas with soft soil where they can easily dig for food.

Wooded Areas

Armadillos are often found in wooded areas, especially those with dense underbrush or leaf litter. These habitats provide excellent cover for armadillos as they forage for insects and other small prey. The trees and shrubs also help to regulate the temperature, keeping the armadillos cool during hot summer days.


Armadillos also thrive in grasslands, where they can use their powerful claws to dig into the soft soil and find food. Grasslands offer plenty of space for these solitary creatures to roam and forage without much competition from other animals. They tend to prefer open grasslands rather than areas with tall vegetation, which can impede their movement.


Armadillos are well-suited to swampy environments, which are often rich in the insects and grubs that make up the bulk of their diet. They are able to swim, so they can traverse areas of standing water if necessary. Swamps are also relatively undisturbed by humans, making them an ideal habitat for these shy and elusive creatures.

In summary, armadillos can survive in a wide range of habitats, from wooded areas to grasslands to swamps. Understanding their preferred habitats can help you better identify areas where they may be causing damage to your property. If you’re dealing with an armadillo problem, it’s important to consider their habitat when choosing a removal method, as disrupting their habitat could ultimately cause more harm than good.

Armadillo Diet

Armadillo Diet

Armadillos are insectivores, which means that insects make up the majority of their diet. They primarily consume ants and termites, but they also eat other insects such as beetles, grubs, and worms. In fact, armadillos can eat up to 40,000 ants in a single day!

One of the reasons why armadillos are so successful at finding food is because they have an incredible sense of smell. They use their long snouts to sniff out underground insects, and then use their powerful claws to dig them up.

Interestingly, armadillos also have a unique way of consuming their prey. Instead of chewing their food like most mammals, they swallow it whole and then grind it up in their stomachs using small rocks and other debris that they ingest. This process, known as “gizzard action”, helps to break down tough insect exoskeletons and other hard materials.

While insects make up the bulk of their diet, armadillos will also eat some plant material, including fruit and berries. However, this makes up only a small portion of their overall diet.

It’s important to note that while armadillos can be beneficial for controlling insect populations, they can also cause damage to lawns and gardens in the process. If you’re having trouble with armadillos digging up your yard, there are several effective methods for getting rid of them, such as trapping or fencing. By taking these steps, you can protect your property while still appreciating these fascinating creatures and their unique dietary habits.

Why Get Rid of Armadillos?

Armadillos are fascinating creatures, but they can also be a nuisance to homeowners and property owners. Here’s why you may want to consider getting rid of armadillos:


Armadillos love to dig, and they’re good at it. They have powerful front claws that allow them to burrow into the ground in search of food. Unfortunately, this means they can also damage lawns, gardens, and landscaping. Armadillo burrows can create holes and uneven ground that can be hazardous for people and pets.


In addition to digging up yards, armadillos can also cause damage to structures like fences and foundations. Their digging can weaken these structures over time, leading to costly repairs. They can also damage sprinkler systems and other outdoor equipment.

Health Risks

While armadillos aren’t typically aggressive, they can carry diseases like leprosy and salmonella. If you come into contact with an armadillo or its feces, you could be at risk of contracting these diseases. Pets can also be at risk if they come into contact with armadillos.

Overall, the potential damage and health risks associated with armadillos may make it worthwhile to get rid of them. Keep reading to learn about effective methods for trapping, fencing, and preventing future problems.

How to Get Rid of Armadillos



Fencing is one of the most effective ways to keep armadillos out of your yard or garden. There are several types of fences that can be used, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.

Underground Fencing

Underground fencing is a popular choice for keeping armadillos out of your yard. This type of fencing involves burying a mesh material or hardware cloth underground around the perimeter of your property. The mesh needs to be buried deep enough so that the armadillo cannot dig underneath it. A depth of at least 18 inches is recommended.

One thing to keep in mind with this type of fencing is that it can be time-consuming and labor-intensive to install. However, once it is installed, it is very effective at preventing armadillos from burrowing into your yard.

Electric Fencing

Electric fencing is another option for keeping armadillos out of your yard. This type of fencing uses a low-voltage electric charge to deter armadillos from entering your property. The fence should be at least 3 feet high and have four strands of wire. The bottom strand should be no more than 4 inches from the ground, while the top strand should be at least 8 inches from the ground.

While electric fencing can be very effective, it does require a power source, which may not be practical for every situation. Additionally, there is some risk of injury to pets or people who come into contact with the fence.

Hardware Cloth Fencing

Hardware cloth fencing is another option that can be effective at keeping armadillos out of your yard. This type of fencing uses a sturdy mesh material that is resistant to burrowing. It is typically made from galvanized steel or PVC-coated steel.

Hardware cloth fencing can be relatively easy to install and is also less expensive than other types of fencing. However, it may not be as effective as underground or electric fencing, particularly if the armadillos are determined to get through.

In conclusion, fencing can be an effective way to keep armadillos out of your yard or garden. The type of fencing you choose will depend on your specific needs and budget. Underground fencing is most effective at preventing burrowing, electric fencing is a good option for deterring armadillos from entering the property, and hardware cloth fencing is a less expensive alternative to other types of fencing.



Repellents are a popular and effective way to get rid of armadillos without resorting to lethal methods. There are many different types of repellents on the market, but some of the most commonly used include castor oil, predator urine, and hot pepper spray.

Castor Oil

Castor oil is a natural repellent that works by disrupting the armadillo’s sense of smell. When applied to the ground, it creates an unpleasant odor that will cause the armadillo to avoid the area. To use castor oil as a repellent, mix it with water and spray it over areas where the armadillos are digging. You can also mix it with dish soap and spread it over the surface of your lawn to create a barrier.

Predator Urine

Predator urine is another natural repellent that can be effective in getting rid of armadillos. The scent of urine from predators such as coyotes or foxes can make armadillos think that there is a danger nearby, causing them to leave the area. You can purchase predator urine online or at outdoor supply stores and apply it to problem areas around your yard.

Hot Pepper Spray

Hot pepper spray is a chemical repellent that works by creating an unpleasant taste for the armadillo. To make hot pepper spray, combine a gallon of water with a cup of chopped hot peppers and let it steep overnight. Strain out the peppers and pour the mixture into a spray bottle. Apply the spray to areas where armadillos are digging, being sure to reapply after rain or watering.

While repellents can be effective in getting rid of armadillos, it’s important to note that they may need to be reapplied periodically to maintain their effectiveness. Additionally, some repellents may not work for all armadillos, as each individual may have different sensitivities to certain scents or tastes. If you’re unsure which repellent to use, it’s best to consult with a pest control professional who can recommend the best course of action for your particular situation.


Trapping Armadillos: Strategies and Best Practices

Trapping is one of the most effective methods for getting rid of armadillos. It involves setting up live traps, baiting them with food, and relocating the captured animals to a more appropriate location. In this section, we’ll go over the process of trapping armadillos, including tips, tricks, and best practices.

Using Live Traps

Live traps are the best option when it comes to trapping armadillos. These traps are humane and do not harm the animal in any way. They work by luring the armadillo into the trap with bait, and then triggering the door to close once the animal steps on a plate or trigger mechanism.

When selecting a live trap, choose one that is large enough to hold an armadillo. The trap should also be sturdy and made of durable materials such as steel or aluminum. Make sure the trap has a smooth interior to prevent injury to the armadillo.

Baiting the Trap

Baiting the trap is the key to successfully catching an armadillo. Armadillos are attracted to a variety of foods, including insects, fruits, and vegetables. Some popular baits include earthworms, mealworms, peanut butter, and cat food.

To increase the chances of catching an armadillo, place the trap near the animal’s burrow or feeding area. You can also use a trail of bait leading up to the trap to entice the armadillo inside.


After trapping an armadillo, it’s important to relocate the animal to a more suitable location. This means finding an area with plenty of natural food sources and habitat for the armadillo.

Before releasing the armadillo, make sure you have permission from your local wildlife agency. Never release an armadillo in an area where they are not native, as this can cause harm to local ecosystems and animals.


Trapping is an effective method for getting rid of armadillos, but it requires patience and careful planning. By using live traps, baiting the trap effectively, and relocating the animal to a suitable location, you can safely remove armadillos from your property. Always remember to follow local regulations and seek professional help if necessary.



If you’ve tried various methods to get rid of armadillos with no success, it may be time to consider removal options. There are two main ways to go about this: using professional services or taking a DIY approach.

Professional Services

If you’re dealing with a persistent armadillo problem and have exhausted all other options, hiring a professional wildlife removal service may be your best bet. These companies have the experience and equipment needed to safely and effectively remove armadillos from your property.

Professional services typically involve trapping and relocating armadillos, which can be tricky and even dangerous if not done correctly. However, reputable companies will take steps to avoid harming the armadillo in the process.

While professional removal services may be more expensive than DIY methods, they’re often the most effective and humane option.

DIY Methods

If you’re on a tight budget or prefer to handle things yourself, there are several DIY removal methods you can try.

Live traps are a common choice for DIY removal. You can purchase or rent a trap and set it up in an area where armadillos are known to frequent. Baiting the trap with a food source such as mealworms or earthworms can increase the chances of success. Once caught, carefully release the armadillo in a suitable location away from your property.

Another DIY removal option is to create a barrier around your property using fencing or hardware cloth. This can help prevent armadillos from entering in the first place. However, it’s important to bury the fence at least 12 inches underground to prevent armadillos from burrowing underneath it.

While DIY methods can be effective, they require time and effort on your part. It’s also important to keep in mind that removing an armadillo poses some risks, including potential injury to both the armadillo and yourself.

Overall, whether you choose to hire professionals or tackle the problem on your own, removing armadillos from your property can be challenging but ultimately worthwhile.

Preventing Future Armadillo Problems


Landscaping can be an effective way to prevent armadillos from entering your property. One method is to create a rock barrier around the perimeter of your yard. This not only deters armadillos but also adds a decorative touch to your landscaping.

To create a rock barrier, start by digging a trench around the edge of your yard that is at least 1 foot deep. Then, fill the trench with rocks or large stones, making sure they are tightly packed together. Armadillos are less likely to burrow through this type of barrier and it will also prevent them from digging up your lawn.

Another option is to incorporate gravel beds into your landscaping. These areas can act as a buffer zone between your property and wooded areas where armadillos may live. Gravel beds also help with drainage and can reduce the amount of standing water on your property, which is another attractant for armadillos.

When creating a gravel bed, choose an area that is at least 3 feet wide and cover it with a layer of landscape fabric. Then, add a layer of gravel that is at least 3 inches deep. The fabric will prevent weeds from growing while allowing water to drain through. You can also add plants or shrubs around the gravel bed to enhance its appearance.

Overall, incorporating rock barriers and gravel beds into your landscaping can be an effective way to deter armadillos and enhance the beauty of your property at the same time.

Food Sources

Food Sources

Eliminating armadillo food sources is a key step in preventing them from invading your property. Armadillos feed primarily on insects, grubs, and worms, so reducing the number of these pests in your yard can go a long way in keeping armadillos away.

One effective method for eliminating insects is to use natural predators. For example, introducing ladybugs or praying mantises to your garden can help keep harmful pests at bay. Additionally, planting certain herbs and flowers, such as marigolds and lavender, can also help repel insects.

Another important factor to consider is trash removal. Armadillos are attracted to areas with an abundance of garbage, as it can provide a steady source of food. Be sure to keep your trash cans secured and regularly emptied to discourage armadillos from making a meal out of your waste.

In addition to controlling insects and removing trash, you may also want to consider limiting other potential food sources on your property. For example, fallen fruit and nuts can attract armadillos, so be sure to clean up any excess produce in your yard.

By taking steps to eliminate armadillo food sources, you can significantly reduce the likelihood of these critters taking up residence on your property.

Habitat Modification

Habitat Modification

Habitat modification is a crucial step in preventing future armadillo problems. By making your yard less hospitable to armadillos, you can discourage them from taking up residence and causing damage.

One of the easiest ways to modify your yard’s habitat is by keeping it tidy. Armadillos are attracted to cluttered yards with plenty of hiding spots. By removing debris, excess vegetation, and other potential hiding spots, you make it less appealing to armadillos. Consider removing piles of wood, brush, or other materials that might provide shelter.

Reducing hiding spots is another effective way to modify your yard’s habitat. This involves trimming back overgrown bushes, hedges, and trees, as well as mowing your lawn regularly. By reducing the amount of cover available to armadillos, you make it harder for them to hide and burrow on your property.

Another way to reduce hiding spots is by installing barriers around vulnerable areas. For example, if you have a garden or flower bed, consider using rocks, gravel, or other decorative elements to border the area. This not only adds visual interest but also creates a physical barrier that armadillos will have trouble crossing.

In addition to these measures, there are other steps you can take to modify your yard’s habitat and make it less inviting to armadillos. This might include eliminating food sources by removing bird feeders, securing trash cans, and controlling insect populations. By being proactive and taking these steps, you can prevent armadillos from becoming a recurring problem in your yard.

Remember, habitat modification is just one component of an effective armadillo control strategy. By combining this approach with other methods like trapping, fencing, and repellents, you can successfully get rid of armadillos and keep them from returning.
In conclusion, armadillos may seem like harmless mammals, but they can cause significant damage to your property and pose health risks to you and your pets. It’s essential to understand their behavior, habitat, and diet to effectively get rid of them. From fencing to repellents and trapping, various methods can help you control the armadillo population in your yard. Moreover, adopting preventive measures such as landscaping and habitat modification can reduce the chances of future problems. Remember, if all else fails, seek professional help. We hope this guide has been helpful in addressing your armadillo woes and providing insights into effective ways to manage them.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button