Technology

# How to Find Y-Intercept with Two Points

## Understanding the Basics of Y-Intercept

The y-intercept is the point at which a line crosses the y-axis on a graph. It is the value of y when x is equal to zero. This is an important concept in algebra and is used to graph linear equations. The y-intercept can be positive, negative, or zero. If the line has a positive slope, the y-intercept will be above the x-axis, and if the line has a negative slope, the y-intercept will be below the x-axis. By understanding the basics of the y-intercept, you can easily find the point where the line crosses the y-axis using two given points on the graph.

## Identifying Two Points on a Graph

To find the y-intercept using two points on a graph, you must first identify the two points. These points can be any two points on the line, as long as they are not on the same vertical line. Once you have identified the two points, you can use them to calculate the slope of the line using the slope formula:

slope = (y2 – y1) / (x2 – x1)

where (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) are the coordinates of the two points.

Once you have calculated the slope, you can use it to find the y-intercept.

## Calculating the Slope of the Line

To find the y-intercept using two points on a graph, you must first calculate the slope of the line using the slope formula:

slope = (y2 – y1) / (x2 – x1)

where (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) are the coordinates of the two points.

The slope represents the steepness of the line and tells you how much y changes for a given change in x. If the slope is positive, the line is increasing from left to right, and if it is negative, the line is decreasing from left to right. If the slope is zero, the line is horizontal.

Once you have calculated the slope, you can use it to find the y-intercept.

## Using the Slope to Find the Y-Intercept

Once you have calculated the slope of the line using the two points on the graph, you can use it to find the y-intercept. To do this, you can use the point-slope form of a linear equation, which is:

y – y1 = m(x – x1)

where (x1, y1) is one of the points on the line and m is the slope of the line.

To find the y-intercept, you need to set x to zero in the equation and solve for y. This will give you the value of y at the point where the line crosses the y-axis.

Once you have found the y-intercept, you can check your answer by graphing the line and verifying that it passes through the two points you started with.