How Long Is a Basketball Court: A Complete Overview

Basketball is a beloved sport played all around the world, and knowing the correct size of a basketball court is crucial for both players and coaches. Whether you’re playing in the NBA, FIBA, college, high school, or even just in your backyard, understanding the dimensions of the court is essential to ensure fair play and proper training. But with so many different variations of basketball court sizes, it can be difficult to keep track of what’s what. In this article, we will provide a complete overview of the regulation size of a basketball court, as well as other variations of court dimensions you need to know.


Basketball courts are a staple in our society, whether it’s for professional games or pickup matches with friends. It’s important to understand the dimensions of a basketball court to properly play and enjoy the game. In this article, we will explore the different sizes of basketball courts, including the official regulation size and variations seen in college, high school, and backyard courts.

The size of a basketball court is not something that can be improvised; there are specific dimensions that must be followed to ensure fairness during gameplay. The official basketball court size is regulated by two main organizations: the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the International Basketball Federation (FIBA).

The NBA regulation court size measures 94 feet long and 50 feet wide, while the FIBA regulation court size measures 91.9 feet long and 49.2 feet wide. The key difference between the two lies in the width, with the FIBA court being slightly narrower than the NBA court.

It’s important to note that these are just the regulation sizes, and there are other variations of basketball court sizes that exist. For example, half-court basketball dimensions are typically 47 feet long and 50 feet wide, while college basketball court size is slightly smaller than the NBA court at 84 feet long and 50 feet wide.

High school basketball court size varies depending on the state and level of play, but typically ranges from 84-94 feet long and 50 feet wide. Additionally, backyard basketball court size can vary greatly depending on personal preference and available space. Some DIY options include using repurposed materials like old pallets or even a concrete pad.

Understanding the different dimensions of a basketball court is crucial for any player or fan of the sport. Whether you’re playing a competitive game or just shooting around with friends, having knowledge of the sizes can enhance your overall experience.

Regulation Size of a Basketball Court

NBA Regulation Court Size

NBA Regulation Court Size

Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the world, and the National Basketball Association (NBA) is its premier league. The NBA is known for its fast-paced and high-scoring games, played on a regulation court that meets specific measurements.

The dimensions of an NBA court are strictly regulated by the league to ensure fairness and consistency throughout all games. According to the official NBA rules, the length of an NBA court is 94 feet or 28.65 meters, while the width is 50 feet or 15.24 meters. These measurements make an NBA court one of the largest in professional sports.

The court is divided into two halves by the mid-court line, which is also known as the centerline. The basket sits at each end of the court, with its center positioned exactly 10 feet or 3.05 meters above the floor. The area behind the basket is also designated and referred to as the “key” or “paint”. The key measures 16 feet or 4.88 meters wide and runs the length of the court.

The sidelines are marked with a boundary line, while the end lines mark the boundary at each end of the court. The three-point line, which determines if a shot is worth two or three points, is located 23 feet and 9 inches or 7.24 meters from the center of the basket.

Knowing the NBA court measurements is important not only for players but also for coaches, referees, and fans. It helps players understand the space they have to work with on the court, coaches to devise winning strategies, referees to make accurate calls, and fans to appreciate the skills of their favorite players.

In conclusion, the NBA regulation court size is an essential part of the game of basketball. Its dimensions are strictly regulated to ensure fairness and consistency throughout all games. Understanding these measurements can help players, coaches, referees, and fans appreciate the game even more.

FIBA Regulation Court Size

The International Basketball Federation (FIBA) is the governing body responsible for organizing international basketball tournaments and setting the standard for court size. The FIBA regulation court size is slightly different from that of the NBA, with a few variations in measurements.

Dimensions of FIBA Court

The FIBA court measurements are as follows:

  • Length: The length of a FIBA court is 28 meters or 91.86 feet.
  • Width: The width of a FIBA court is 15 meters or 49.21 feet.

Compared to an NBA court, the FIBA court is longer by 2 meters and narrower by 3 feet.

Importance of Knowing Dimensions of FIBA Court

Knowing the dimensions of a FIBA court is crucial for players, coaches, and referees, as it affects the gameplay. For instance, the larger court size in FIBA requires players to be more efficient in their movements and cover more distance. It also affects the positioning of the defense, making it harder for them to double-team the ball handler.

Moreover, since FIBA governs international basketball competitions like the Olympics and World Cup, players need to adjust to a new court size based on the host country’s regulations. Hence, understanding the dimensions of a FIBA court becomes even more critical for international players.

In conclusion, understanding the FIBA court measurements is essential for anyone looking to play or watch basketball at an international level. The slight variations in dimensions have a significant impact on the gameplay, making it necessary to be aware of them.

Other Variations of Basketball Court Sizes

Half Court Basketball Dimensions

Half Court Basketball Dimensions

When it comes to playing basketball, sometimes you might not have access to a full court. Or maybe you just want to practice your shooting skills without having to run the full length of the court after each shot. In these cases, a half court is the perfect option.

So, what are the dimensions of a half court? The length of a half court is 47 feet (14.3 meters), while the width is 50 feet (15.2 meters). As implied by the name, a half court is exactly half the size of a regulation basketball court.

Playing on a half court can be a great way to focus on specific skills and drills, such as shooting, passing, and dribbling. It can also be a good option for those who might not have enough players for a full game or who want to conserve space.

It’s important to note that there are variations in the layout of a half court depending on how the court is being used. For example, if you’re playing three-on-three basketball, a different line may need to be drawn on the court to create an out-of-bounds area.

Overall, understanding the dimensions of a half court is crucial for anyone who loves to play basketball. Whether you’re practicing alone or with friends, a half court offers a great way to hone your skills and improve your game.

College Basketball Court Size

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is an organization that governs college sports in the United States. It sets the standards for court dimensions, among other things, to ensure a level playing field for all teams. The NCAA regulation basketball court size is slightly different from its NBA counterpart.

NCAA Court Size

The official dimensions of an NCAA basketball court are 94 feet long and 50 feet wide, which is 5 feet longer than an NBA court. That extra 5 feet makes a significant difference in how the game is played, as it allows for more space for players to move around. The center circle is also larger on an NCAA court, measuring 12 feet in diameter compared to 10 feet in the NBA.

Dimensions of NCAA Court

The length of an NCAA basketball court is 94 feet, while the width is 50 feet. These measurements include the sidelines, baselines, center circle, free throw line, three-point line, and key. The basketball hoop is located 10 feet above the floor, just like in the NBA.

Length of NCAA Court

As mentioned earlier, the length of an NCAA basketball court is 94 feet. This includes the entire playing surface, including the out-of-bounds areas on the sidelines and baselines.

Width of NCAA Court

The width of an NCAA basketball court is 50 feet, which is the same as an NBA court. This measurement includes both sidelines and both baselines.

Knowing the dimensions of an NCAA basketball court is crucial for players, coaches, and officials to ensure they’re playing by the rules. While the differences between an NCAA and NBA court may seem minor, they can have a significant impact on the game’s strategy and outcome.

High School Basketball Court Size

When it comes to high school basketball, the court size is slightly different from its college and professional counterparts. Most high schools use a regulation court size of 84 feet by 50 feet, which is identical to the NBA’s court dimensions. However, some high schools may have variations in size due to space limitations or budget constraints.

The length of a high school basketball court is 84 feet, which is the same as an NBA court. This distance includes the free-throw line, which is 15 feet from the backboard. The three-point line on a high school court measures 19 feet and 9 inches from the center of the hoop, which is one foot closer than the college and professional distance.

The width of a high school basketball court is 50 feet, which is two feet narrower than the college and professional standard. This can make a noticeable difference in gameplay, as it limits the amount of space available for players to move around and make plays.

It’s important for high school basketball players, coaches, and fans to familiarize themselves with the dimensions of the court. Knowing the size and layout of the court can help players develop better spatial awareness and improve their gameplay. Additionally, understanding the court dimensions can help coaches develop better strategies and game plans.

Overall, the dimensions of a high school basketball court are crucial to the sport, and even small differences in size can have a big impact on the game. Aspiring high school basketball players should take the time to practice on regulation-sized courts to prepare themselves for the challenges of playing at the next level.

Backyard Basketball Court Size

Backyard Basketball Court Size

If you’re an avid basketball fan, building your own backyard basketball court can be a dream come true. Not only does it give you the opportunity to practice your shots whenever you want, but it also provides a great outdoor activity for family and friends to enjoy.

When it comes to building a DIY basketball court in your backyard, one of the most important considerations is the size. The dimensions of your court will depend on the available space you have, but there are some general guidelines you can follow.

Home Basketball Court Dimensions

A home basketball court can range in size from as small as 20 feet by 24 feet to as large as 30 feet by 50 feet. However, the most common size for a backyard basketball court is around 30 feet by 35 feet. This size allows for a regulation free throw line, three-point line, and key while still leaving enough space for players to move around.

Backyard Court Measurements

To properly measure out your backyard basketball court, you’ll need to use tape measures and marking tools. You can create a basic outline using stakes and string or spray paint to mark the layout of the court. Remember that the playing surface should be level, free of debris, and provide adequate drainage.

It’s also important to consider the type of surface you want for your court. Some popular options include concrete, asphalt, and sport tiles. Each has its pros and cons, so it’s important to do your research before deciding which one to install.

DIY Basketball Court

Building a DIY basketball court can be a fun and rewarding project, but it does require some planning and preparation. In addition to determining the size and surface, you’ll also need to decide on the placement of any poles or hoops, lighting, and fencing.

Before getting started, make sure to check with your local zoning regulations to ensure that you’re not violating any laws or codes. You may also want to consider hiring a professional to help with the construction process, especially if you’re not experienced in building.


A backyard basketball court can provide hours of fun and entertainment for you and your family. By following the proper guidelines for size and surface, as well as taking into consideration any zoning regulations and hiring professionals when necessary, you can build a court that will last for years to come.



In conclusion, knowing the various sizes of a basketball court is crucial for players, coaches, and fans alike. We have covered everything from the regulation size of a court used by professional players, to smaller variations like half-court, college, high school and backyard courts.

A summary of these sizes shows that the official NBA and FIBA regulations require a court length of 94 feet and a width of 50 feet, while NCAA requires a length of 84 feet and a width of 50 feet. On the other hand, half-courts are typically 47 feet by 50 feet, while high school courts range from 74 feet by 42 feet to 84 feet by 50 feet, and backyard basketball courts can vary depending on the available space.

Knowing the correct dimensions of a court helps players and coaches to develop their skills and strategies, from understanding how much space they have to work with to planning their plays accordingly. It also ensures fair play during games as players and referees can easily identify whether a ball is out of bounds or not.

Finally, understanding the different sizes of a basketball court is also important for fans who want to appreciate the game better. As they watch the game, they can visualize how the players navigate around the court and understand the impact of court size on gameplay.

In summary, whether you are a player, coach, or fan, taking the time to learn about the different sizes of a basketball court can greatly enhance your appreciation and enjoyment of the sport.
Understanding the dimensions of a basketball court is essential for anyone involved in the sport. Whether you’re a player, coach, or fan, it’s crucial to know the regulation size and other variations that exist.

In summary, we’ve covered the standard measurements of an NBA and FIBA court, as well as the differences between college, high school, half-court, and backyard basketball courts. Each variation has its own unique dimensions, which can impact the gameplay significantly. Being aware of these differences will not only help you better understand the game but also enable you to appreciate it more fully.

Knowing the dimensions of a basketball court is just the beginning of understanding this intricate sport. The game has a rich history and culture that continues to evolve over time. By getting familiar with its nuances, you can gain a deeper appreciation for the game and all that it represents. So go ahead—lace up your sneakers, hit the court, and start experiencing the magic of basketball today!

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