Bearded Dragon Care Guide: How to Take Care of Your Pet

Bearded dragons are fascinating pets that have become increasingly popular in recent years. These reptiles are native to Australia, but they can now be found in homes all around the world. However, taking care of a bearded dragon is not always easy. From setting up their habitat to feeding them the right diet, there are many factors to consider to ensure that your pet stays healthy and happy. In this guide, we will cover everything you need to know to take care of your bearded dragon, including habitat and enclosure, feeding and nutrition, and health and wellness. Whether you are a new owner or a seasoned reptile enthusiast, this guide will provide you with valuable information on how to properly care for your bearded dragon.



Bearded dragons are fascinating creatures that have become popular pets in recent years. They are native to the deserts of Australia and make great pets for both beginners and experienced reptile owners. However, taking care of a bearded dragon requires a lot of time, effort, and knowledge.

In this guide, we will provide you with all the information you need to take care of your pet bearded dragon. From setting up their enclosure to feeding them the right diet, we cover everything you need to know to ensure your bearded dragon stays happy and healthy.

We understand that owning a bearded dragon can be overwhelming, especially if you’re new to reptile care. That’s why we’ve created this comprehensive guide to help you navigate through the process of caring for your pet. By the end of this guide, you’ll have a better understanding of what it takes to be a responsible bearded dragon owner.

So let’s dive in and learn how to take care of your bearded dragon!

Habitat and Enclosure

Setting Up the Enclosure

Setting Up the Enclosure

One of the most important aspects of taking care of a bearded dragon is creating a suitable habitat. In this section, we’ll cover everything you need to know about setting up the enclosure for your pet.

Tank Size

Bearded dragons require a large tank to ensure they have enough space to move around and explore. A tank that is at least 40 gallons in size is recommended for adult bearded dragons, with larger tanks being even better. If you plan on having more than one bearded dragon, you will need an even bigger tank or separate enclosures.


The substrate is the material used on the bottom of the tank. It should be easy to clean, non-toxic, and provide good traction for your bearded dragon’s feet. There are several types of substrates available, including reptile carpet, paper towels, and ceramic tiles. Avoid using sand or loose substrates that may cause health problems if ingested.


Adding furniture to the enclosure is important to create a stimulating environment for your bearded dragon. Some essential pieces of furniture include:

  • Basking spot: This should be a platform where your bearded dragon can bask under a heat lamp.
  • Hiding spot: A hiding spot provides a place for your bearded dragon to retreat when they want privacy or feel stressed.
  • Climbing branch: Bearded dragons love to climb and explore, so adding a branch or other climbing structure can be beneficial.

Make sure to arrange the furniture in a way that allows for different temperature zones and access to light.

By following these guidelines for tank size, substrate, and furniture, you can create a healthy and comfortable home for your bearded dragon.

Temperature and Lighting

Temperature and Lighting

Proper temperature and lighting are crucial aspects of bearded dragon care. These reptiles require specific conditions to thrive in captivity, so it’s essential to provide them with the right basking spot, UVB lighting, and temperature gradient.

The basking spot is an area within the enclosure that provides direct heat from a source like a heat lamp or ceramic heater. This spot should be between 100-110°F to simulate the warmth of the sun and promote proper digestion and metabolism. It’s important to monitor this temperature regularly using a thermometer to ensure that it remains consistent.

UVB lighting is also necessary for bearded dragons as it helps them produce vitamin D3, which is essential for calcium absorption and bone health. This lighting should be provided for 10-12 hours per day and replaced every six months. A lack of UVB lighting can lead to metabolic bone disease, a severe condition that weakens bones and makes movement painful for the animal.

A temperature gradient is another essential aspect of a bearded dragon’s habitat. This refers to the range of temperatures available within the enclosure. The basking spot should be the warmest area, while the cooler end should be around 80°F. Providing this gradient allows the animal to regulate its body temperature by moving between warm and cool areas, which is important for its overall health.

It’s vital to ensure that the basking spot, UVB lighting, and temperature gradient are all set up correctly before bringing a bearded dragon home. Failure to do so can cause stress, illness, and even death. Therefore, always research and seek advice from experts before setting up a bearded dragon’s habitat.

Feeding and Nutrition

Choosing the Right Diet

Choosing the Right Diet

One of the most important aspects of caring for a bearded dragon is ensuring they receive a proper diet. A well-balanced diet will help keep them healthy, active, and happy.


Protein is an essential part of a bearded dragon’s diet. It helps with muscle growth and maintenance, as well as providing energy. Insects are a great source of protein for bearded dragons. Some good options include crickets, mealworms, and superworms. However, it’s important to avoid feeding them insects that are too large, as this can cause digestive issues.


Calcium is another vital nutrient that bearded dragons need in their diet. It helps with bone growth and health, as well as other bodily functions. One way to provide calcium is through supplements, which can be added to their food or given separately. Additionally, bearded dragons can get calcium from certain vegetables, such as collard greens and kale.


Bearded dragons also require a range of vitamins in their diet to stay healthy. Vitamin D3 is particularly important, as it helps with calcium absorption. This can be obtained through UVB lighting, which must be provided in their enclosure.

It’s important to ensure that the diet you provide meets all of these nutritional needs. Feeding your bearded dragon a varied diet that includes a combination of insects and vegetables is a great way to achieve this. You can also talk to a veterinarian or reptile specialist for further guidance on providing a balanced diet for your pet.

Feeder Insects

Feeder Insects

When it comes to feeding your bearded dragon, choosing the right feeder insects is essential. Here are three of the most popular feeder insects for bearded dragons:


Crickets are a staple food for many reptiles and are a great source of protein for your bearded dragon. They are also readily available at most pet stores and are relatively inexpensive. However, it’s important to note that crickets can sometimes be carriers of parasites or diseases, so it’s essential to only purchase them from a reputable source.


Mealworms are another popular feeder insect for bearded dragons. They are high in protein and are also a good source of fat, which is important for your bearded dragon’s overall health. However, mealworms have a hard exoskeleton that can be difficult for some bearded dragons to digest, so it’s important to only feed them as an occasional treat.


Superworms are larger than mealworms and have a softer exoskeleton, making them easier for your bearded dragon to digest. They are also high in protein and fat, making them a nutritious treat for your pet. However, like with all feeder insects, it’s essential to only feed superworms in moderation.

It’s important to note that while these three feeder insects are popular choices for bearded dragons, they should not make up your bearded dragon’s entire diet. It’s crucial to provide a variety of feeder insects, along with vegetables and greens, to ensure your pet is getting all the nutrients they need. Additionally, always make sure that any feeder insects you’re feeding your bearded dragon are appropriately sized and properly gut-loaded to ensure they are getting the required nutrition.

Vegetables and Greens

Vegetables and Greens

When it comes to feeding your bearded dragon, a balanced diet is crucial for their health and wellbeing. While feeder insects are an important source of protein, vegetables and greens should also make up a significant portion of their diet.

Collard Greens

Collard greens are an excellent choice for your bearded dragon’s diet as they are high in calcium, which is essential for strong bones and overall health. They also contain vitamins A and K, fiber, and antioxidants. When feeding collard greens to your bearded dragon, wash them thoroughly and chop them into small pieces to make them easier to eat. Serve them raw or lightly steamed.

Mustard Greens

Mustard greens are another great option for your bearded dragon’s vegetable intake. They are high in vitamin C, which boosts the immune system, and vitamin A, which is necessary for healthy eyesight. Mustard greens also contain fiber and antioxidants. To prepare mustard greens for your bearded dragon, rinse them well and chop them into bite-sized pieces. Serve them raw or steamed.


Squash is a nutritious addition to your bearded dragon’s diet. It provides vitamin A, which is important for eye health, as well as vitamin C and potassium. It also contains fiber, which aids in digestion. When feeding squash to your bearded dragon, peel and slice it into small pieces. Cook it by boiling or steaming, then cool it before serving.

It’s important to remember that while vegetables and greens are a key component of your bearded dragon’s diet, they should not make up more than 25% of their total food intake. Variety is also important, so try rotating different types of vegetables and greens to ensure your bearded dragon gets a diverse range of nutrients. By incorporating collard greens, mustard greens, and squash into their diet, you can help provide your bearded dragon with a well-rounded, healthy meal plan.

Health and Wellness

Common Health Issues

Common Health Issues

As with any pet, bearded dragons are susceptible to a range of health issues. Being aware of the most common ones can help you identify problems early and seek out treatment before they become more serious. Here are some of the most common health issues that bearded dragons face:


Parasites are one of the most common health issues for bearded dragons. They can be transmitted through contaminated food or water, or even from other animals in their enclosure. Symptoms of parasitic infections include weight loss, diarrhea, and lethargy. Regular fecal exams by a veterinarian can help detect and treat parasitic infections early.

Respiratory Infections

Respiratory infections can occur when bearded dragons are kept in environments that are too cold or damp. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, and mucus in the mouth or nose. If left untreated, respiratory infections can be fatal. Keeping your dragon’s enclosure at the correct temperature and humidity levels can help prevent respiratory infections.

Metabolic Bone Disease

Metabolic bone disease is caused by a lack of calcium and vitamin D3 in a bearded dragon’s diet. Symptoms include weakness, tremors, and deformities in the bones. This disease can be prevented by feeding your dragon a diet that includes calcium and vitamin D3 supplements, as well as UVB lighting that allows them to produce their own vitamin D3 naturally.

In conclusion, keeping a close eye on your bearded dragon’s health is essential for ensuring they live a happy and healthy life. By being aware of these common health issues and taking steps to prevent and treat them, you can ensure that your pet stays healthy for years to come.

Signs of Illness

Signs of Illness

Bearded dragons are generally hardy creatures that can live up to 10-15 years with proper care. However, like any other pets, they can fall ill at times. As a bearded dragon owner, it is important to keep an eye out for any signs of illness and seek veterinary care immediately to ensure the best possible outcome for your pet.

Here are some of the most common signs of illness in bearded dragons:


If your bearded dragon is lying around all day and not showing interest in its surroundings, this could be a sign of lethargy. This may indicate that your pet is feeling weak or unwell and requires veterinary attention.

Lack of Appetite

Bearded dragons are typically voracious eaters, and a sudden decrease in appetite could be a cause for concern. If your pet is refusing to eat or showing little interest in food, it may be sick. Loss of appetite can also lead to dehydration, so make sure to provide fresh water at all times.

Abnormal Behavior

Changes in behavior or activity levels can be a warning sign that something is wrong. Be on the lookout for any unusual behaviors, such as lethargy, hiding, excessive aggression, or pacing back and forth. If you notice any of these abnormal behaviors, it’s important to take your pet to the vet as soon as possible.

In conclusion, knowing the signs of illness in bearded dragons is crucial for ensuring your pet’s health and wellbeing. If you observe any of these warning signs, don’t hesitate to contact your veterinarian to get advice on how to proceed. Early detection and treatment of health issues can make a big difference in your pet’s quality of life.

Finding a Veterinarian

Finding a Veterinarian

Taking care of a bearded dragon involves more than just providing them with food and shelter. It also means ensuring that they receive proper medical care when they need it. That’s why finding a reputable veterinarian who specializes in reptiles is essential.

When searching for a vet, it’s important to look for someone who has experience treating bearded dragons specifically. Not all vets are knowledgeable about reptiles, and even fewer have experience working with this particular species. Therefore, it’s crucial to find a vet who has expertise in handling bearded dragons.

One way to find a qualified vet is by asking other bearded dragon owners for recommendations. You can also check online reviews or contact local reptile organizations for suggestions. Once you’ve narrowed down your options, schedule a consultation with the vet to see if they’re a good fit for you and your pet.

It’s also recommended to schedule annual check-ups for your bearded dragon, even if they appear to be healthy. These check-ups can help detect any potential health issues early on, which can prevent serious complications down the line. During these visits, the vet will examine your bearded dragon, provide any necessary vaccinations, and offer advice on how to maintain your pet’s health.

In conclusion, finding a qualified vet is an important part of taking care of a bearded dragon. By doing so, you’ll ensure that your pet receives the best possible medical care throughout their life. Don’t hesitate to ask for recommendations from other owners or do some research online to find a reputable reptile specialist near you.
Taking care of a bearded dragon requires a great deal of responsibility and attention to detail, but the rewards are truly worth it. By providing your pet with a proper habitat, a balanced diet, and regular health check-ups, you can ensure that they live a long and healthy life. Remember to always keep an eye out for signs of illness and to seek the help of a veterinarian who specializes in reptiles if necessary.

Overall, owning a bearded dragon can be a wonderful experience filled with joy and affection. By following the tips and guidelines outlined in this comprehensive guide, you’ll be able to provide your pet with the best possible care and create a lasting bond that will bring happiness to both you and your scaly friend for years to come.

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